Your pet cats may look in good condition, but they actually need your help to stay in perfect shape. That means regular checkups and shots are needed to keep illnesses at bay. Then again, by familiarizing the common health problems in felines, you will be able to identify early signs and get them treated accordingly.
Here are 10 of the most common health problems in cats to begin with.
1. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
Also known as FLUTD, feline lower urinary tract disease involves several different conditions that target a cat’s urethra and bladder. Among its noticeable symptoms include not using the litter box, blood in the urine, and too much licking of the genital area. If any of these signs are present, see the vet right away. There could be urethral blockage, which may result in demise.
2. Respiratory Infections
Whether you believe it or not, the most common diseases in cats are respiratory. Then again, they can be prevented with early vaccinations. To know if your pet cats are suffering from respiratory infections, check out symptoms like teary eyes, cough, sneezing, and runny nose. Since most of these infections are viral, there isn’t much you can do. Still, take your fur babies to the vet because these respiratory problems may be fatal.
3. Heartworm Disease
While some cats show signs like vomiting and coughing, others won’t show any. And sad to say, there is no known safe and effective treatment for heartworm disease. For that, it is considered fatal. Nonetheless, there is good news. Your pets are capable of fighting off the disease on their own. The key to preventing heartworm disease is scheduled vet checks and preventive medications.
The most common type of cancer among cats is lymphosarcoma, which may target the intestine or the chest. Symptoms include swelling, skin infections, diarrhea, weight loss, lumps, defecating, difficulty in breathing, urinating, and lethargy. Treatment procedures may depend on the stage of cancer, but more often than not, that includes surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiation.
5. Kidney Disease
Kidney problems can be fatal to cats because it can affect their ability to discharge waste into their urine. As a result, toxins may build-up in the bloodstream. This can be caused by a wide variety of factors, such as infection, exposure to toxins, high blood pressure, and cancer. Age is also another factor. The older cats are very at risk for this problem. Overall, treatment may vary, but in severe cases, kidney transplant or dialysis is necessary.
Fleas are basically parasites that feed on the blood of your pets. Signs that your pet cats have fleas include hair loss, excessive scratching, and bald patches. However, there are times when you see actual flea eggs or fleas in their coats. Even so, you can treat it by applying products that are designed to prevent flea populations to thrive.
Obesity is very common among cats nowadays. In fact, it is a factor that may put your cat’s health at risk for problems like diabetes and joint pain. To check if your feline friend is obese, you should be able to get a feel of his ribs and backbone without pressing hard. From the side, there should be a tuck in the tummy part between the hips and lower ribs. If you wish to help your cats to prevent obesity, get them moving by engaging them with toys on cat scratching posts.
8. Diarrhea and Vomiting
Normally, diarrhea and vomiting in pet cats are associated with inadequate food intake. Whenever they ate a plant or food that upsets their stomach, it could lead to diarrhea or vomiting. But if that is not the case, there could be something more serious. They might be suffering from an underlying infection or illness. Treatment often includes offering fluids for dehydration prevention.
9. Dental Diseases
Dental diseases may exhibit signs like bad breath, abrupt change in chewing habits, and difficulty in eating. Most of the time, bad breath indicates gingivitis or digestive problems, but sometimes it could also be ulcers on the tongue or gums or loose teeth. If you suspect your four-legged pals have dental issues, take them to the vet dentist to have them checked.
They say cats have nine lives, so if they fall from high places, they won’t get hurt. Truth be told, they also suffer from pain. Even within a short distance, there are times when their bodies aren’t able to adjust. Hence, they suffer from fractures. When your pet cat falls from his post, bring him to the nearest animal hospital. If treated quickly, he’ll be able to survive.
As a responsible owner, you must know that pet cats are great at hiding illnesses. Thus, it would be best to seek advice and tips from the vet to keep them in their best possible health.